Textual Analysis : Editing

There are three forms narrative editing: contiguity, continuity and temporal structure. Continuity is things happening in a sequence, contiguity is multiple things happening at the same time and the temporal structure is how you show time passing in various ways.

Contiguity

  • Cross cut: things happening in a parallel order.
  • Action match: moment in one scene matches movement in another.
  • Graphic match: the shape of something in one scene matches the shape of something in another scene.

Continuity

  • Establishing shot: a shot which “establishes” the setting at the start of the scene.
  • A cut away: where you show something else in one scene in vicinity – adds information/context.
  • Glance/object: when a character glances at an object and then you show the object.
  • Match on action: https://11jacksonjac.wordpress.com/2016/09/20/match-on-action/
  • Reaction shot: the shot of someone’s reaction to something.
  • Shot reverse shot: the most common way to film dialogue. https://11jacksonjac.wordpress.com/2016/09/20/shot-reverse-shot/
  • Master shot: recording of an entire dramatized scene, from start to finish, from an angle that keeps all the players in view.

Temporal Structure

  • Fast forward
  • Frame skip: like fast forward but skipping frames.
  • Freeze frame: freezing the scene/frame.
  • Slow motion
  • Time compression: when time is compressing in the video, this is making the duration shorter than real-time.
  • Juxtaposition: two different shots (to highlight the contrasts/differences).
  • Montage: collection of videos in a sequence.

Post production effects

  • Colour correction
  • Filters
  • Visual effects

Transitions

  • Dissolve
  • Fade
  • Wipe
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